Voltage drop is the voltage loss occurring due to circuit impedance. It is the decrease in electrical potential along the path of current flowing through an electrical circuit. Voltage Drop Calculator calculates voltage drop, percentage voltage drop and wire resistance of an electrical circuit, based on wire size, current type, voltage and current.
Voltage drop calculations are mainly performed for following current types- DC, single phase and 3 phase.
DC/Single Phase Calculations:
Voltage drop for DC/Single Phase is given by-
Vdrop (V) = I(A) × R(Ω)
Vdrop (V) = I(A) × (2 × L(m) × R(Ω/km) / 1000(m/km))
3 Phase Calculations :
Voltage drop for 3 phase is given by-
Vdrop (V) = √3 × I(A) × R(Ω)
Vdrop (V) = 1.732 × I (A) × (L(m) × R(Ω/km) / 1000(m/km))
Vdrop (V) = Voltage drop in volts.
I(A) = Current in amperes.
R(Ω) = Resistance in ohms.
L(m) = Wire length in meters.
Wire resistance of wire is calculated by the following formula:
R (Ω/kft) = 0.3048 × 109 × ρ(Ω·m) / (25.42 × A (in2) )
R (Ω/kft) =Resistance in ohms/kft.
ρ(Ω•m) = Wire resistivity in ohm-meter.
A (in2) = Cross-sectional area in square inches.
After clicking on Calculate button, calculated voltage drop, percentage voltage drop and wire resistance is displayed within few seconds.